- Public Health Law Research: Making the Case for Laws That Improve Health. Public Health Law Research (PHLR) is a national program of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. This call for proposals focuses on 3 topics: (1) Effects of laws and legal practices on population health outcomes; (2) Effects of law on the performance of public health systems and the delivery of public health services and; (3) The costs and benefits of public health laws. Public entities or nonprofit organizations are being given preference in selection. Deadline April 4, 2012, 3:00 p.m. EDT.
- Regional Indoor Environments: Reducing Public Exposure to Indoor Pollutants. Environmental Protection Agency. The RFA solicits applications from eligible entities for projects to conduct demonstration, training, education and/or outreach activities to reduce exposure to indoor air contaminants (including tobacco smoke) and yield measurable environmental outcomes, primarily in homes and schools. Applications due April 12, 2012, 4:00 p.m. EDT.
- Dr. Alma S. Adams Scholarship for Outreach and Health Communications to Reduce Tobacco Use among Priority Populations. The Legacy Foundation scholarship award will be granted on a competitive basis to a candidate who shows financial need; exemplifies a record of commitment to community service on behalf of an underserved community; and illustrates the best use of the visual arts, media, or creative writing to convey culturally appropriate health messages, specifically those aimed at raising awareness of tobacco’s harmful impact. Applications due April 30, 2012.
- Roadmaps to Health Community Grants Program. A call for proposals for the County Health Rankings Roadmaps to Health (formerly Mobilizing Action Toward Community Health or MATCH) has been released. The grants will support two-year state and local efforts among policymakers, business, education, health care, public health and community organizations grants to create policy or system change to address the social and economic factors that impact the health of people in their community. Proposals due May 2, informational webinars will be held March 20 and April 10.
- Smoke Damage: Voices from the Front Lines of America’s Tobacco Wars. Tobacco Control Network Harvey Leadership Webinar Series, March 19, 2012, 3-4:30 p.m. ET. Speakers will highlight the real life stories of loss and pain that remind us of the impact of our tobacco control work, and explain how the power of personal testimony can be harnessed to bring about tobacco control policy change. Registration required by March 15, 2012.
- Regulating Tobacco in the Retail Environment: Walking Through the Corner Store. Public Health Law Center Webinar Series, March 6, 2012, 12:00-1:30 p.m. CST. This webinar will discuss tobacco control policies that apply at the point-of-sale, using the perspective of a person walking to, and standing in the midst of, a tobacco retailer’s store.
EVALUATION: Counter-Marketing or Media Analysis
- Mass Media Campaigns to Promote Smoking Cessation among Adults: An Integrative Review. Tobacco Control (Mar 2012). Achievement of sufficient population exposure is vital, especially for lower socioeconomic status smokers. TV remains the primary channel to effectively reach and influence adult smokers; negative health effects messages are most effective at generating increased knowledge, beliefs, positive perceived effectiveness ratings, or quitting behavior.
- Tobacco Industry Denormalisation (TID) as a Tobacco Control Intervention: A Review. Tobacco Control (Mar 2012). A robust body of evidence suggests that TID is an effective tobacco control intervention at the population level that has a clear exposure–response effect.
- Beyond Fear Appeals: Contradicting Positive Smoking Outcome Expectancies to Influence Smokers’ Implicit Attitudes, Perception, and Behavior. Addictive Behaviors (Apr 2012). In order to counteract such expectations, cigarette package warning labels were designed that contradicted common positive outcome expectancies.
- California Film Subsidies and On-screen Smoking: Resolving the Policy Conflict. UC San Francisco Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education (Jan 12, 2012). An analysis of the public health impact of these subsidies.
- New Media and Tobacco Control. Tobacco Control (Mar 2012). The explosive rise in Internet use and the shift to new media being driven by consumer generated content through social platforms may mean that fresh approaches to regulating tobacco industry marketing are needed.
OTHER PRODUCTS: Smokeless, Cigars, Hookahs, e-Cigarettes, etc.
- Hookah Use among U.S. College Students: Results from the National College Health Assessment II. Nicotine and Tobacco Research (Feb 7, 2012). Hookah-only and dual users are demographically different than cigarette-only or nonsmoking college students.
- Non-cigarette Tobacco Products: What Have we Learnt and Where are We Headed? Tobacco Control (Mar 2012). The presence of such products presents challenges and opportunities for public health.
- Fire Official: Electric Cigarette Explodes, Burning FL Man’s Face, Knocking out His Teeth. Washington Post (Feb 15, 2012).
- National Networks for Tobacco Control and Prevention Website. The updated website features current news, upcoming events, pictures, discussion feeds and more, including interactive polling and video gallery features.
- Return on Investments in Public Health and Prevention: A Summary of Groundbreaking Research Studies. Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Policy Highlight BRIEF (Oct 2011). Evidence from a variety of reports and studies (2008-2011) indicate that strategic investments in proven, community-based prevention programs could result in significant U.S. health care cost savings and overall economic cost savings.
RESOURCES: General Media/Communications
- State of the Media: U.S. Digital Consumer Report. Nielsen (Feb, 2012). A variety of information about who is online, what platforms they use, and what they are doing online.
- And The Winner Is…Cinema Ads: Brain Research Shows they’re more Emotionally Engaging Than TV Spots. Media Post: Media Daily News (Feb 27, 2012). A study by cinema advertising network NCM measuring the unconscious responses of moviegoers to ads shown to them in movie theaters found they were considerably more engaged than the same type of ads shown on other media such as TV or the Internet.
SECONDHAND SMOKE (SHS)/CLEAN INDOOR AIR (CIA)
- Secondhand Smoke Exposure in Cars among Middle and High School Students–United States, 2000-2009. Pediatrics (Feb 6, 2012, Epub ahead of print). SHS exposure in cars decreased significantly among US middle and high school students from 2000 to 2009. However, in 2009, over one-fifth of nonsmoking students still were exposed to SHS in cars.
- Exploration of Parental Smokers’ Experience, Perceptions, and Family’s Influences on Their Smoking in the Presence of Children. Advances in Nursing Science (Jan 2012). Many strategies participants used to prevent children’s environmental tobacco smoke exposure were relatively ineffective and needed to be addressed.
- Impact of a National Smoking Ban on Hospital Admission for Acute Coronary Syndromes. Clinical Cardiology (Jan 25, 2012, Epub ahead of print). The Irish national ban on smoking in public places was associated with an early significant decrease in hospital admissions for acute coronary syndromes.
- Hospital Admissions for Acute Myocardial Infarction Before and After Implementation of a Comprehensive Smoke-free Policy in Uruguay. Tobacco Control (Feb 15, 2012, Epub ahead of print). National smoke-free policy implemented in 2006 was associated with a significant reduction in hospital admissions for AMI.
- Impact of National Smoke-free Legislation on Home Smoking Bans. Tobacco Control (Feb 13, 2012, Epub ahead of print). Smoke-free legislation does not lead to more smoking in smokers’ homes.
- Estimates of Smoking-Related Property Costs in California Multiunit Housing. American Journal of Public Health (Mar 2012). 27.1% of respondents had incurred smoking-related costs (mean $4935), and 33.5% reported complete smoke-free policies, which lowered the likelihood of incurring smoking-related costs.
- Implementation of a Smoke-free Policy in Subsidized Multiunit Housing: Effects on Smoking Cessation and Secondhand Smoke Exposure. Nicotine and Tobacco Research (Feb 7, 2012, Epub ahead of print). The implementation of a smoke-free policy was associated with positive changes in cessation-related behaviors and reduced SHS exposure in this population of low-income adults.
- Secondhand Tobacco Smoke: An Occupational Hazard for Smoking and Non-smoking Bar and Nightclub Employees. Tobacco Control (Jan 24, 2012, Epub ahead of print). The high levels of airborne nicotine found in bars and nightclubs support the need for legislation that ensures complete protection from secondhand smoke in these venues.
TARGET POPULATION: Asian/Pacific Islander American
- Culture and Smoking among Vietnamese Americans in Central Massachusetts. Journal of Transcultural Nursing (Jan 31, 2012, Epub ahead of print). Acculturation was the only significant correlate of ever smoking.
TARGET POPULATION: Dual Users
- Primary and Dual Users of Cigars and Cigarettes: Profiles, Tobacco Use Patterns and Relevance to Policy. Nicotine & Tobacco Research (First published online: Jan 17, 2012). 12.5% of cigarette smokers are dual users of cigars. Dual users are more likely to be male, 18–29 years of age, non-Hispanic Black, of lower educational attainment, and either unemployed or out of the work force.
TARGET POPULATION: Military Personnel
- Military Tobacco Policies: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly Military Medicine. (Dec 2011). Best and worst practice policies in the areas of enforcement, smoking cessation, smokeless tobacco use, environmental tobacco smoke, framing tobacco as non-normative, designated tobacco use areas, and monitoring of tobacco use are presented.
- Smokeless Tobacco Use Related to Military Deployment, Cigarettes and Mental Health Symptoms in a Large, Prospective Cohort Study among US Service Members. Addiction (published online Jan 23, 2012). Deployment and combat exposure in the US military are associated with increased risk of smokeless tobacco initiation and persistence while smoking and symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder increase the odds for initiation.
TARGET POPULATION: Persons with Mental Illness or Developmental Delay
- Ethnic Group Differences in the Relationship between Depressive Symptoms and Smoking. Ethnicity and Health (Feb 2, 2012, Epub ahead of print). The relationship between depressive symptoms and smoking differs by ethnicity, particularly for Latinos.
TARGET POPULATION: Tobacco Users
- Smokers’ Reactions to FDA Regulation of Tobacco Products: Findings from the 2009 ITC United States Survey. BMC Public Health (16 Dec 2011). Smokers indicated support for banning cigarette promotion and nearly a quarter supported requiring tobacco companies to sell cigarettes in plain packaging. 72% of smokers supported reducing nicotine levels to make cigarettes less addictive if nicotine was made easily available in non-cigarette form.
Target Population: Women and Girls
- Investigating the Use of Social Media to Help Women from Going Back to Smoking Post-partum. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health (Feb 2012). The use of electronic media may help facilitate interaction between new mothers, which could prevent isolation and relapse back to smoking after delivery.
- The Effects of Message Framing within the Stages of Change on Smoking Cessation Intentions and Behaviors. Health Communication (Jan 31, 2012, Epub ahead of print). Gain-framed messages were most influential at getting individuals to progress from the contemplation to the preparation stage.
- Tobacco Control is Losing Ground in the Web 2.0 era: Invited Commentary. Tobacco Control (Mar 2012). With Internet 2.0, the field of tobacco control does not have a comprehensive list of effective policies and programs to counteract the sale and promotion of tobacco products in the new media environment.
- Comprehensive Tobacco Marketing Restrictions: Promotion, Packaging, Price and Place. Tobacco Control (Mar 2012). This paper briefly describes the ways in which cigarette marketing is restricted and the tobacco industry’s efforts to subvert restrictions. It reviews what is known about the impact of marketing regulations on smoking by adults and adolescents.
TOBACCO INDUSTRY WATCH
- Consumers Switching Between Tobacco Types. CSP.Net (Feb 23, 2012). Altria Group Inc. is seeing tobacco users switch between multiple forms of tobacco more often, vice chairman Dave Beran said while participating in the Consumer Analyst Group of New York conference.
- February 2012 Surveillance Updates. Trinkets and Trash (Feb 2012). Includes updates on Newport, Marlboro, Camel and Skoal promotions.
- Various Products and Comparisons. A collection of tobacco products and candy images, assembled by the Tobacco Free Utah.
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